common sewing & craft terms
Right Sides Together (RST): The right side of the fabric is the side that will show on the outside of your finished project. A quilting cotton, for example, has its design printed on the right side of the fabric.
Wrong Side Together (WST): The wrong side of a fabric is the side that will be on the inside of a project. If it is a printed fabric, the wrong side is usually left blank.
Clip: A small snip made in the seam allowance to allow the fabric to curve with a seam. A clip meets, but does not go through, the stitching line.
Ease: Slightly gathering a longer piece of fabric while sewing it to a shorter length of fabric, with no puckers or gathers appearing in the final seam line
Grade Seam: Trimming one layer of fabric when the seam allowances will be stacked to reduce the bulk in the seam allowance. The seam allowance that will lay against the outermost fabric should be the shorter half.
Finger Press: Using the heat from your fingers to gently press a seam open or to the side
Baste: Long stitches used to temporarily hold fabric in together or in place before sewing a final seam. It is usually removed after a final seam is sewn.
Topstitch: Stitching done on the top of a project near a seam line or fabric fold, and can help the seam lay flat. Usually decorative with a medium stitch length.
Edgestitch: A line of stitching done very close to a seam line on the right side of the fabric.
Zigzag: A 2-step stitch that forms a “V” at regular intervals. It is used to finish edges, apply elastic, and sew knit fabrics.
Backstitch: Reversing the direction of sewing for a least 3 stitches to lock the beginning and end of a seam line in place.
Blind Stitch: Done by hand or machine, this stitch catches only a few threads of fabric from the right side of a garment, to produce stitching found only on the wrong side of the project. It is most often used for making an invisible hem.
Flat-fell Seam: Stack and press the two seam allowances. Trim the fabric on the bottom seam allowance to ¼”. Then, fold the top fabric over the bottom fabric, encasing its raw edge, and stitch along the edge.
Backward loop cast on: *Wrap yarn around left thumb from front to back and secure in palm with other fingers. Insert needle upwards through strand on thumb. Slip loop from thumb onto right hand (RH) needle, pulling yarn to tighten; repeat (rep) from * for indicated number of stitches (sts).
Cable cast on: Place a slipknot on Left Hand (LH) needle and k1, slip new stitch (st) onto LH needle; *insert RH needle between first 2 sts on LH needle, k1 from this position, leave the first st on LH needle and slip new st onto LH needle. Rep from * for desired number of sts.
Crochet Chain cast on: With crochet hook, make a slip knot loop. Holding the knitting needle in your left hand, and the crochet hook in your right hand, bring the yarn behind the needle. *With the crochet hook in front of the needle, wrap the yarn over the needle and the hook, and pull loop through. 1 st has been cast on the needle. Bring the yarn back between the needle and hook and repeat from * until you have cast on the required number of stitches less one. For the final stitch, transfer the loop from the crochet hook to the needle.
Crochet Provisional cast on: With waste yarn, begin (beg) with slipknot on crochet hook. *Wrap yarn around knitting needle counter-clockwise, then use crochet hook to draw yarn through loop on hook; repeat (rep) from * for desired number of sts. Fasten off.
Garter stitch flat: Knit every row.
Garter stitch in the rnd: Rnd 1: Purl. Rnd 2: Knit. Rep Rnds 1 and 2 for garter stitch (st) in the rnd.
Stockinette stitch flat: Knit on right side (RS), purl on wrong side (WS).
Stockinette stitch in the round (rnd): Knit every round (rnd).
Three-needle bind off: Divide sts evenly over 2 needles; with the RS of garment pcs together (to form ridge on inside of garment), hold the needles parallel. With a third needle knit the first st of front and back needles together, *knit next st from each needle together, (2 sts on RH needle), bind off (BO) 1 st; rep from * until all sts are BO.
Wrap and Turn (w&t) Short Rows: (RS) Slip the next st to the RH needle and bring the yarn to the front of work between the needles. Slip st back to the LH needle. Turn, and bring yarn to front between the needles, ready to work next row. (WS) Slip the next st to the RH needle and bring the yarn to the back of the work between the needles. Slip st back to the LH needle. Turn and bring yarn to back between the needles, ready to work next row.
dc: double crochet
dtr (double treble crochet): Yo three times, pull up thread in indicated space, [yo and draw through 2 loops on hook] four times
hdc: half double crochet
sc: single crochet
sl st: slip stitch
pie recipe links (issue No. 2 / FAUNA)